Brief Constructed Response Item Formats and Examples
Fill in the blank Short answer Label a diagram
Visual representation Show your work
Show Your Work
"Show your work" items take the form of preparatory work for the creation of a product, performance, or extended text. These items may be treated as one component of a task leading to a final product or may be stand-alone, as evidence of preliminary thinking and problem-solving. A response to these items may take the form of label a diagram or visual representation, and may also take the form of a synthesis of multiple brief constructed response item types.
- Less dependent on writing skills than some other types of brief constructed responses
- Allows for an alternative evidence of learning or understanding
- Novelty of item type encourages interest and engagement
- Lack of familiarity with item type may impact performance
- Ensure that evidence of understanding lends itself to response through words, images, symbols, and diagrams
- Ensure that the range of anticipated responses is open-ended; if there is truly only one possible response, consider re-crafting as a selected response item
- Word items so that while students may not respond in identical ways, the expectations for that item are clear
Example (PDF: 16KB)
Back to Top
Copyright © 2006 Maryland State Department of Education. 200 West Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD 21201
All Rights Reserved. Reproduction of these materials is prohibited.