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MarylandFine Arts Education Instructional Tool Kit
All Fine Arts Content Areas Dance Music Theatre Visual Arts
Maryland Fine Arts Education
Developing Fine Arts Assessments
Integrating Fine Arts Across the Curriculum
Assessment Outcomes and Implications

Brief Constructed Response Item Formats and Examples
Fill in the blank  Short answer  Label a diagram
Visual representation  Show your work

Label a Diagram

"Label a diagram" items require that respondents add labels to provide information about a visual stimulus (e.g., a drawing, diagram, schematic).   Activities may include identifying component parts and the arts vocabulary for those parts; materials used for various parts or elements; observed, hypothetical, or anticipated movements; and relationships among parts of a visual representation.   These items may be coupled with a short answer to extend and expand upon information supplied through labels.


  • Less dependent on writing skills than some other types of brief constructed responses
  • Allows for other evidence of learning and understanding
  • Tends to encourage student interest and engagement by using visual stimulus


  • Lack of familiarity with item type may impact performance


  • Ensure that there are multiple anticipated responses; if there is truly only one possible response, consider re-crafting as a selected response item
  • Word items so that the response expectations are clear
  • Use pictures, diagrams, or other fields that are clear and sufficiently detailed to support response desired

View Example:

Example (PDF: 33KB)

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